WANKEL ENGINE

wankel-engine

It works on a similar principle on the otto cycle.

It consists of three lobes rotor, casing, spark plug, suction, and exhaust ports.

The rotor of the engine is driven eccentrically in the casing in such a way that there are three separate volume trapped between the rotor and casing.

 

The volume trapped in each lobe performs the function of suction, compression, ignition, combustion, expansion, and exhaust processes.

Therefore,

we get three power strokes in one revolution of the rotor

WANKEL ENGINE

https://youtu.be/josJhz8VS8A

In the case of a four-stroke I.C. engine, we get one power stroke in two revolutions of the crankshaft,

Thus,

the Wankel engine develops six times the power for the same capacity of cylinder compared to reciprocating I.C .engines.

Intake:-

When a tip of the rotor passes the intake port, a fresh mixture starts getting into the primary chamber. The chamber draws fresh air until the second apex reaches the intake port & closes it. At the instant, the fresh air-fuel mixture is sealed into the primary chamber & is being removed for combustion.

Compression:-

The chamber one(between corner 1 to corner 2) containing the fresh charge gets compressed

to the form of the engine by the time it reaches to sparking plug.
While this happens, a replacement mixture starts getting into the second chamber(between corner 2 to corner 3).

Combustion:-

When the sparking plug ignites, the highly compressed mixture expands explosively. The pressure of expansion pushes the rotor within the forward direction. This happens until the primary corner passes through the exhaust port.

Exhaust:-

As the peak OR corner 1 passes the exhaust port, the recent high-pressure combustion gases are liberal to effuse of the port.
As the rotor continues to maneuver, the quantity of the chamber goes on decreasing forcing the remaining gases out of port. By the time the corner 2 closes the exhaust port, corner 1 passes by the intake port repeating the cycle.
While the primary chamber is discharging gases, the second chamber(between corner 2 to corner 3) is under compression. Simultaneously, chamber 3(between corner 3 to corner 1) is drawing a fresh mixture.
This is the sweetness of the engine – the four sequences of the four-stroke cycle, which occur consecutively during a piston engine, occur simultaneously within the Wankel engine, producing power during a continuous stream.

What is carburetor?

Maximum efficiency

 

 

 

Maximum efficiency

Ideal engine has a maximum efficiency,

If a heat engine goes through fixed thermodynamics stage of a specificed process,

 

MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY

four main parts:η

  • Insulated – non conducting stand (the transfer of energy is not possible )
  • Hot reservoir– heat capacity should be infinite.

Because , After taking  any energy from it, the temperature of reservoir should be constant .

  • The reservoir in which infinite heat capacity will be conducting at high temperature is called to be cold reservoir.
  •  Cylinder  should be kept for working substances .

Cylinder wall should be non-conductive so that heat transfer is impossible .but base should be conducting .

MAXIMUM EFFICIENCY

For this , first place the cylinder on the hot reservoir since the temperature of reservoir is higher than the temperature of gas, the heat flows from the heat reservoir to the gas .Due to which the gas start to expands .

Since due to heat transfer gas is expanding therefore the temp of gas remain constant

This process is called Isothermal expansion.

as the gas expand , the volume of gas increase and pressure decrease .

In next step , take off the cylinder from the hot reservoir and place it on the insulating stand , when doing so, the gas is confined to the non-conducting wall.

Now let piston rise slowly upward .

Due  to which the gas continue to expand .But this time the gas is not getting any heat to expand .such expansion called Adiabatic expansion.

Since this expansion is taking place without heat .

The temperature of gas starts to decrease .Due to this expansion ,the volume of gas also increase and pressure decrease

In next step, lift the cylinder from the stand and place it on the cold reservoir , now pressure the piston downwards which causes compression of gas.

In this way the gas compresses at the same constant temperature .this called Isothermal compression

Due to this compression the volume of gas decreases and pressure increase

In final stage , cylinder keep on stand again and pressure piston downward

But now there is no cold reservoir to absorbs the heat getting produced extra.

Therefore , the temperature of gas start increase . this compression is called Adiabatic compression .

Pressure the piston until the temperature of gas rises back to equal that of the hot reservoir . This decrease the volume of the gas and increase the pressure

At the end of this step , the gas return to its initial stage .

This complete cycle is called the carnot cycle .The engine work on it ,is called carnot engine.

η =1-T1/T2

The efficiency depend on the temperature of both reservoir.

If  T1 is  ∞ kelvin and  T2 is 0 kelvin

Either rise the temperature of hot reservoir to ∞ kelvin or low down the temperature of reservoir to 0 kelvin .

In both cases,the efficiency will be 100%.